Matt Koehl’s Unique Contribution to National Socialist Thought: Forward to a New Aryan Dawn

[This is a slightly edited and expanded text of the remarks made by NEW ORDER Chief of Staff Martin Kerr at the Matt Koehl Memorial Meeting held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on October 14, 2017, marking the third anniversary of his death.]

National Socialist Comrades:

We are gathered here to honor the memory of our departed commander, Matt Koehl. But first let me say a few words about his predecessor, Commander Rockwell.

It has been 50 years since the death of George Lincoln Rockwell. Enough time has now elapsed for us to view his life and works with some perspective.

This evening I don’t want to discuss Commander Rockwell’s deeds as a man of action. Those should be well-known to everyone here. Rather, I want to mention his primary contribution to National Socialist theory. For as well as a man of action with a warrior’s heart, he was also a man of intellect who possessed penetrating insights.

In the pre-1945 conception of National Socialism – which was Adolf Hitler’s conception – it is the Nation that stands at the center of the National Socialist thought-world. Race provides the underlying biological foundation for the Nation, and the Folk is a subdivision of the Race. The Nation is the political embodiment of the Folk.

So, that while Race is of fundamental significance, in the arena of practical politics the primary emphasis or focus is on the Nation.

George Lincoln Rockwell turned this around. In Rockwell’s conception of National Socialism, Race is primary, and the Nation recedes into the background.

It is not that one man was right and the other one was wrong, but rather that the world was a different place after 1945 than it was before it, and that consequently a different theoretical model applied.

Our conception of National Socialism today, as an international, worldwide pan-Aryan movement that supersedes 19th century nationalism, is entirely due to George Lincoln Rockwell. In the future, when historians write an account of the evolution of National Socialist thought, this is for what Commander Rockwell will be remembered.

* * *

But what will Matt Koehl be remembered for in terms of the development of National Socialist thought? It has been only three short years since his death, and we lack the perspective of a half-century that we enjoy in the case of Commander Rockwell.

Some may say that his decision to change the focus of the Movement from a political orientation to the spiritual orientation was his main contribution. And perhaps this is what he will be remembered for the most. But the idea of an Hitlerian religion is not original to Matt Koehl. In this he was preceded by others such as Savitri Devi, Miguel Serrano and James Larratt Battersby. So, this was not unique on his part.

But there is one major contribution on Matt Koehl’s part which is both original and crucial. If you read the writings and speeches of the pre-1945 National Socialists, you will notice that they speak in terms of “defending Western Civilization.” They consider the welfare and existence of the White or European race to be equivalent to that of the West. They see no space between them. And for his part, Commander Rockwell spoke about not just defending the West, but also of reviving the constitutional republic bequeathed us by the Founding Fathers.

But Matt Koehl had a deeper, more penetrating insight. Standing on the shoulders of giants, he could see further than they could. He perceived that the idea of reviving the dying West was an illusion. One cannot turn back time. Rather, Commander Koehl realized, the organic, realistic direction for the Movement was not backwards, but forward to a new Aryan dawn.

The forces of racial and social decay are so advanced and powerful, and the momentum that they have achieved is so great, that attempting to stop them and reverse them in their tracks is an exercise in futility, the Commander realized. As tragic as it may be, the West is doomed, and the America of the past is doomed with it.

But does that mean that our struggle as National Socialists is pointless, or that our lives as individual Aryans are without meaning? No, said the Commander, for as long as there is life there is hope.

* * *

Instead of vainly trying to hold back the inexorable tide of history – instead of trying to rescue that which cannot be rescued; to save that which cannot be saved; to purify that which cannot be purified – we must push forward though the long night of the death of the West to a new daybreak, to a new post-Western Aryan civilization.

For Matt Koehl recognized that what is most important is the survival of our bloodline, not the external trappings of the civilization that our race has created over the last millennium. We can always erect new buildings, sculpt new statues, devise new technologies, compose new music and write new poems and novels – but once our bloodline has been extinguished, it will be gone permanently. As the saying goes, extinction is forever.

In 1983, the Commander dissolved the National Socialist White Peoples Party, which was geared towards mass political action for success within the existing status quo – within the Old Order. In its place he formed the NEW ORDER, as a racial lifeboat for those strong enough to survive the hastening and inevitable collapse of the West.

In his 1980 essay, “The Revolutionary Nature of National Socialism,” he wrote:

At this late date, nothing can be restored. Therefore, our task does not consist of going back to anything or in bringing back another age. It does not lie in resuscitating a decadent and dying civilization, or in preserving a corrupt system, or in changing or modifying it.

Our historic task as National Socialist revolutionaries is, quite simply, to start all over again – tabula rasa with a new vision and a new outlook and a new will to create upon this earth a new order and a new culture as a wonderful testament to immortal Aryan genius. That is our mission, and nothing else.

The breadth and depth of the Commander’s vision has not yet been fully appreciated, even among many of those who define themselves as pro-White.

But in the Aryan future to come, the clarity, the courage and the brilliance of his insights will be well-appreciated. Indeed, they will be accepted as self-obvious truisms by all intelligent White men and women.

And when that day comes, Matt Koehl will receive the full honor that he deserves as an original National Socialist thinker.


Posted in National Socialism, Uncategorized | 3 Comments

Selections from the NEW ORDER Gab Account

The following posts, which we have lightly edited, appeared on the NEW ORDER account on GAB over the last six months. See:

• #NationalSocialism calls the Aryan race to a higher form of humanity, one stronger, healthier, more noble & more intelligent. The goal is not a mankind characterized by “more and more” but one which aims ever upward. #Eugenics #ArnoBerker (January 14, 2018)

• Jews (& their allies) did a great disservice to American Blacks in convincing them that should become artificial White people. Negroes have their own unique racial ideal & they’re on their own evolutionary vector. In so far as they pose no threat to Whites, they should be encouraged to pursue both. (January 14, 2018

• Bring on the Norwegians! Immigration from #Norway and other Nordic countries would greatly enrich our culture and our gene pool! The more the better! (January 12, 2018)

• Negro riots aren’t caused by so-called “White racism,” nor are school shootings caused by guns. Rather, these are symptoms of a society in decline, one that’s unraveling. They’re the inevitable result of multiracial democracy – exactly as predicted years ago by Lincoln Rockwell, Matt Koehl & others. (January 9, 2018

• Even better than forcible deportation is voluntary repatriation. If they “trickled in,” then they can just trickle right back out again. Keep immigrant families together – in their own countries! #Repatriation #CloseTheBorder #MakeAmericaWhite (January 2, 2018)

• Pride in oneself & a sense of high self-esteem are hallmarks of a healthy psyche. #Whites who loathe their racial identity & abandon it are, clinically speaking, at the best highly neurotic & at the worst downright psychotic. For Whites to have #WhitePride is healthy & normal. (December 2017)

• Every time a White baby is born it is a victory in our race’s struggle for existence. #WhiteChildrenAreMagic #WhiteFamiliesAreMagic #Whites” (December 2017)

• Has it finally sunk in yet? Flawed candidates aside, #Whites are NEVER going to be able to vote themselves out of the mess that they are now in. Support the NEW ORDER and help forge a new path forward for our Folk! #NewOrder (December 2017)

• The goal of #NationalSocialist eugenics is that each new generation of White children will stand on a higher level that the previous generation: healthier, stronger, brighter. Not just more & more Whites, but better & better. #Eugenics #RacialScience (December 2017)

• The soul of a race is revealed in the art that it creates. #AryanCulture #WhiteArt (November 2017)

• The bizarre notion of “original sin” is foreign to the innate religious feeling of the Aryan peoples.  Our children are born into holiness, not sin. #TeamWhite #AryanReligion #HitlerFaith (October 2017)

• Support the indigenous peoples of Europe in their struggle against non-White invasion: Scots, English, Danes, Swedes, Germans, Norwegians, Dutch, Flemish. French, Poles, Spaniards, Italians, Hungarians, Russians, Ukrainians, Serbs, Greeks, etc. One Race – One Movement – One Struggle #TeamWhite (October 2017)

• #Democracy: Rights, victimhood, entitlement, whining = the road to racial oblivion.
#NationalSocialism: Duties, responsibility, work, sacrifice = the road to higher civilization. (September 2017)

• The White (or #Aryan) race is at least 40,000 years old. You are the custodian of the purity of its bloodline. Take that responsibility seriously. #RacialIdealism #TeamWhite (September 2017)

• There are 3 types of animals: social, eusocial & asocial. Humans are social, living in organized societies characterized by cooperation & hierarchy. #NationalSocialism, based on cooperation & hierarchy, is the modern system that most-closely mirrors the natural order for Homo sapiens. Ants are eusocial. The modern ideology most closely replicating eusocial organization is communism. Ants are communists. Wolves are National Socialist. Just ask yourself: Would you prefer to live in a wolf pack or an ant hill?(September 2017)

• Anti-Whites:
The man whom they hate the most: Adolf Hitler.
The symbol that they fear the most: the Swastika
The ideology that they despise the most: #NationalSocialism
The book that they disparage the most: Mein Kampf.
Doesn’t this tell you something, Whitey? (August 2017)

• Tales of the “holocaust”: Which is more likely: (A) That the German nation under Hitler, 80 million strong, was made up entirely of sadists, psychopaths & murderers, or (B) That the Jews tell lies about their enemies? #Revisionism (August 2017)

• Masculine: Weapons, tools, sweat, responsibility, racial pride
Not masculine: hurt feelings, gossip, excuses, victimhood, self-hate
Man up, Whitey!
#TeamWhite #NationalSocialism (August 2017)

• Advice for #WhiteTeens:
Treat yourself with the respect that you deserve.
Don’t desecrate your body w/ toxins & junk food.
Don’t desecrate your mind w/ junk culture & lies.
Don’t desecrate your spirit w/ false teachings & alien beliefs.
(July 2017)

• The #Aryan soul has reverence for itself. #HitlerFaith (July 2017)

• Racially-aware #Whites in revolt against #AntiWhite mainstream society need to form their own counter-culture: music, art, charities, schools, children’s day-care, a veterans association, White ride-share etc. All Movement groups do not have to be confrontational and narrowly political in focus. (July 2017)

• The NEW ORDER repeats its previous suggestion: South Africa can send the US their entire White population, and in exchange we will send them our Blacks. Simple exchange. Fair enough? Stop the hate – separate. (July 2017)________________________________




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Jewish God(s) for Beginners

(Source: The following article on Jewish history first appeared in NS BULLETIN 345, Third Quarter 2005.)

The Jews love to boast that they are the originators of monotheism. This claim has been challenged by students of the Jews as diverse as Savitri Devi (in The Lightning and the Sun) and Sigmund Freud (in Moses and Monotheism). What is undeniable is that Judaism began as a polytheistic religion.

Jewish legend has it that there were originally 12 separate Hebrew tribes. In general, these ancient Hebrews worshipped a variation of the common Semitic pantheon. Among the gods which the Old Testament lists as being worshipped at one time by the ancient Jews are Ashtoereth, Moloch, Chemosh and Asherah. Additionally, each tribe had its own special tribal god.

Over time, the tribal deities of the individual tribes were replaced by two specific Semitic gods, YHWH (also known as Yahweh or Jehovah) and El. During the period of Hebrew history known as the “Divided Kingdoms” (c. 925-875 BCE), each of these two gods was associated with one of the two extant Jewish states, either Judah or Israel. The devotion of the ancient Jews to their archaic gods is preserved in the names associated with each kingdom:

Kingdom of Judah
Land called Judea
Worships as its tribal god Jehovah (YHWH or Yahweh)
Members called Judeans
Cult center: Jerusalem

Kingdom if Israel (literally, “Wrestles with El”)
Land called Israel
Worships as its tribal god El
Members called Israelites
Cult center: Bethel (“House of El”)

Later, these two gods merged into a single Jewish deity, whom the Old Testament calls El-YHWH, which is normally translated as “Lord God.” This new synthetic god becomes the Super-Jew-in-the-Sky, whom modern-day Jews and Judeo-Christians worship. I speculate that this fusion took place circa 800 BCE, for that is when the prophet Elijah appeared, whose name means “El is Yah(weh).”

In the beginning, YHWH may have been a member of the common Semitic pantheon, whom the Jews arrogated to themselves as a tribal deity. There are strong indications that he was originally a minor volcano god or demon. Whatever his initial form, he was clearly a nasty piece of work. For example, YHWH was associated with human sacrifice, in particular the bloody ritual murder of young male children.

Modern Jewish ritual circumcision of male infants is likely a religious or cultural artifact of earlier child sacrifice, although now only the foreskin and a small amount of blood is offered up, rather than the whole child. The ritual murder of non-Jewish children, well documented by Julius Streicher, Arnold Leese and others, is also likely related to ancient child sacrifice, except that now it is the children of the goyim who are so murdered, rather than those of the Hebrew tribes. The Christian Last Supper, which the Judeo-Christians frequently remind us was a Seder meal, and which embodies a form of ritual cannibalism, may also be descended from the bloody rites of ancient Judaism.

Originally, El was also part of the pre-Hebrew Canaanite polytheistic system, in which he was the father of the Semitic gods Baal and Anat. So El may be a stolen or Semiticized deity (just as the Semites had earlier appropriated the Sumerian gods). Interestingly, for a monotheistic religion, the Old Testament uniformly uses the plural form of “Elohim” when referring to the one god, El.

I say “interestingly” – but only up to a point, because as an Aryan I only have a subjective interest in Aryan religion.

– Martin Kerr


Posted in history | 2 Comments

NEW ORDER News Update: Fourth Quarter 2017


Despite inclement weather, NEW ORDER comrades paid homage to NEW ORDER founder Matt Koehl at his gravesite in Milwaukee on Saturday, October 14. The National Socialists held short ceremony and placed flowers on his grave. The event was held to mark the third anniversary of the Commander’s death.

Apparently having noticed the Swastika banner, some passing motorists stopped to witness the activity, which took place in Forest Home Cemetery.

That evening, a formal NS meeting was held at a private location. Chief of Staff Martin Kerr spoke on “Matt Koehl’s Original Contribution to National Socialist Theory,” and a ceremony was held honoring the Commander and other Movement comrades who have died.

A full account of the day’s events, including photos, appears in upcoming NS BULLETIN Number 357. For a copy, send $5 to NEW ORDER, PO Box 270486, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53227, USA


Comrade JY conducted a low-key distribution of message cards in Maryland’s Prince Georges County in September that resulted in publicity in the Washington, D.C., metro area. White Lives Matter and NEW ORDER business cards were left in the cafeteria and other areas of a postal facility, which alarmed the Negro employees there (although that was not the intent). In an unintentionally humorous effort to protect their audience from psychological trauma, television station WTTG blurred out the Swastika when showing the NEW ORDER business card on the air. See:


A short description of the NEW ORDER and quotes by Chief of Staff Martin Kerr were included in a lengthy article on pro-White activity in Wisconsin In November. The segment on the NEW ORDER is towards the bottom of the article. The article, by Muhktar Ibrahim, originally appeared on the website of Minnesota Public Radio, has since been republished on other platforms. See:


A woman NEW ORDER supporter blitzed Troy, New York in December with professionally looking “It’s Okay To Be White Stickers” that she designed herself, and which included the NEW ORDER blog and contact addresses. Reports indicate that snowflakes were predictably triggered.

View on Gab:


Just before Christmas, comrades in Houston, Texas distributed $15 department store gift cards to random working class Whites. The cards were accompanied by a statement. On the outside it read:

At this time of year – Hitler likes to spread some cheer!

And on the inside:

This random act of kindness was brought to you by a true National Socialist.

Surprised? You shouldn’t be!

We are not thugs, gang members or evil, like the mainstream media has portrayed.

We are just regular working class Whites who are dedicated to awakening our race.

Go to and discover the truth for yourself!

Merry Christmas!

For photos, see our Gab post, here:


More initiative and innovation from the Lone Star State.

See on Gab: (Cut and paste if link does not work.)

The leaflet shown includes the following text:

It’s 2018
Time to get serious

We must stop Fake News
We must stop White genocide

There’s only one way –
A new way of thinking
A new way of Life



Posted in Uncategorized | 9 Comments

The History of American National Socialism – Part V: The Pre-Rockwell Years (1946-1958)


For good or for ill, the German American Bund was the primary exponent of open National Socialism in the US prior to America’s entry into the War. After the voluntary dissolution of the Bund on December 8, 1941, there was no open advocacy of the National Socialist worldview in the US until George Lincoln Rockwell raised the Swastika banner in Arlington, Virginia, on March 8, 1959. The option to re-found the Movement was theoretically available as soon as the War had ended in 1945. However, the immediate post-War political and social climate was so hostile to National Socialism that even the most stalwart American National Socialists were unwilling to take that path forward.

But still, the struggle went on, albeit in the political shadows, rather than in the light of day. Various pro-NS or neo-NS activist groups arose during the pre-Rockwell period that attempted to advance the Cause without openly declaring themselves to be National Socialist.

There is a great divide – really, a chasm – that divides the pre-War Movement from the post-War Movement. To a degree this separation is one of ideology: the world was a much different place in the 1950s than it was in the 1930s, and it was a natural and organic development that the Movement’s policies evolved to fit the new dispensation.

But the real differences are those of quantity and quality. If pre-War American National Socialism was, at best, a minor movement on the American political scene, it became microscopic in its numbers in the post-War period. The Bund had 25,000 members at its height, of whom 3,000 were uniformed activists. In contrast, the National Socialist White People’s Party at it strongest in the early 1970s never had more that 800 supporters and 200 Stormtroopers. Adjusted for population growth, this meant that the NSWPP had about two-percent of the Bund’s numerical strength relative to the total US population, and perhaps three-percent of its activists.

It can be said that both the pre-War and post-War movements were led by men who were fanatically committed to the Cause, who were intelligent, and who and possessed stable personalities. But the pre-War Movement’s rank-and-file members were also of similar quality: men with careers, families, marriages, community standing and the like. In contrast, the fringe nature of the post-War Movement often meant that its rank-and-file adherents had eccentric personalities, and frequently lived on the edges of American society. This is especially true of the Movement’s activist contingent. There were, of course, a percentage of rank-and-file supporters who had successful lives in society’s mainstream. But normally these comrades kept a low profile, and played a passive role rather than an active one.


On August 18, 1946, Emory Burke, along with Henry Loomis and John Zimmerlee, incorporated the “Columbians Workers Movement of America” in Georgia. It was commonly referred to simply as “the Columbians.” Although short lived, the Columbians was the first attempt to rebuild the Movement after the catastrophe of 1945.

Burke was a National Socialist at heart, but he realized that with the War barely a year over, open advocacy of the Hitlerian worldview was a non-starter. Rather, something in line with American traditions and values would have a greater chance of success. What he had in mind was a dynamic racial movement, something more political than the Ku Klux Klan and more racially focused than Christian Nationalism. Burke was a veteran of numerous pre-War organizations, and he was still in contact with leaders of the old movement who still had some fight left in them, such as George Deatherage, Gerald L.K. Smith, and Gen. George Van Horn Moseley. However, he also attracted new recruits who had only come of age since the War. One of these was a young attorney from Chattanooga named J.B. Stoner; another was high school student Edward Reed Fields, transplanted to Atlanta from Chicago. Although neither of these two young men would play a significant role in the Columbians, the racialist movement would hear more from them in the years to come.

Burke and his comrades spent several months in preparation before publicly launching their new enterprise. In June 1947, they were ready. A headquarters had been secured in Atlanta, and the first issue of a newsletter, The Thunderbolt, had been issued, along with a program. Following in the steps of the pre-War movement, the Columbians had a uniform: khaki, with a red thunderbolt insignia on the left arm. The thunderbolt was also featured on their banner, which was patterned after the Confederate battle flag.

The Columbians held meetings and made a concerted effort to attract White workers and recently demobilized soldiers. In July, they began nighttime patrols of White working class neighborhoods that were bordered by Negro areas: Blacks criminals, who had historically preyed on other Negroes, had begun to drift into White neighborhoods after the sun went down.

The rise of the Columbians disturbed the political establishment of Atlanta, and it scared the city’s large and powerful Jewish community. After an incident in which a Columbian patrol injured a Black man found wandering at night through a White neighborhood, the authorities cracked down on the group. Its leaders, including Burke, were arrested on charges of “usurping police powers” – that is, conducting a citizens’ patrol to do a job that the police were failing to do. Burke was sentenced to prison, and the charter of the Columbians was revoked.

The Columbians were in operation only a scant two months. Their total membership numbered less than 200, of whom only a couple dozen were actively involved. Yet their example inspired racial nationalists elsewhere. Slowly, the Movement was beginning to reawaken.


Before describing the National Renaissance Party, a cautionary note is necessary: Almost without exception, everything that may be found online or in printed books concerning the NRP and its leader, James H. Madole, is flat-out wrong. Wikipedia has collected the most egregious falsehoods about the NRP and exaggerated them further, and then published them as the truth. Virtually nothing that you may have heard about the NRP from such sources is correct.

The National Renaissance Party was officially founded on January 1, 1949, following several months of negotiations among various minor leaders of the pre-War movement who decided to combine their meager memberships and resources into a single new group. The main groups involved were Kurt Mertig’s Citizens Protective League, the German-American Republican League (also led by Mertig) and William Henry MacFarland’s Nationalist Action League. Mertig was named as the chairman of the group, but it was under the operational control of 22-year-old James Harting Madole, a new post-War recruit.

Madole was brilliant, energetic, fearless and an effective public speaker. One of his contacts was Charles B. Hudson, who had been a defendant in the 1944 Sedition Trial described previously. Hudson shared Madoles’s interest in racial nationalist politics, space travel, science fiction – and the occult. And here we come to one of Madole’s shortcomings: his trouble in separating his personal enthusiasms from his political career. However, this problem only manifested itself later –  in the 1970s – and was not a handicap during the NRP’s early years.

Madole’s title was National Director, and he held the real power within the small party. A nine-point program was drafted, stationary was printed up, and the first issue of the party’s publication, the National Renaissance Bulletin was issued. The lead article of the inaugural issue was “Americans, Awake,” and was authored by Madole. He continued to issue the newsletter without interruption until death in 1979.

From the very beginning, the NRP showed itself to be different from many of the pre-War NS and Christian Nationalist groups, in that it took a serious interest in ideas and ideologies. Madole’s goal was to build a new Aryan super-civilization in North America, not in just to save the Constitution from the Jews. He was anti-rightwing, anti-capitalist and anti-Christian, all of which earned him the hostility of the Christian Nationalists and their allies, such as the Ku Klux Klan.

An early NRP associate was Francis Parker Yockey, who attended NRP meetings and activities, although he never officially became a member. Madole shared Yockey’s assessment that Stalin had broken the power of the Jewish-Bolsheviks in the USSR, and was steering the Soviet Union ever-closer to the traditional Russia of the czars. Whereas the mainstream view of the Soviets in the West during the Cold War was that they were ideologically monolithic, Madole perceived that there was a behind-the-scenes struggle taking place between the remaining Jewish Marxists on one hand, and Russian nationalists on the other. The smart thing, Madole felt, was to encourage the nationalists within the Soviet regime, and forge an alliance with them, which he tried to do. This nuanced appraisal of the USSR was lost on the American Right of the 1950s, who decided that Madole was just a racist, anti-Semitic communist.

The NRP never defined itself as National Socialist, although it praised Adolf Hitler and NS Germany. In the early years, the NRP used both Swastikas and thunderbolts on its printed material. Initially, the NRP did not have a uniformed, paramilitary section. However, repeated efforts by its opponents to disrupt NRP public activities convinced Madole that such a formation was needed, and in 1953 he formed the “Elite Guard,” who wore black uniforms with thunderbolt armbands. The EG was under the joint command of Hans Schmidt and a 18-year-old Matt Koehl, who was just beginning his apprenticeship in NS politics.

From the very beginning the NRP had an aggressive program of public activities. Typically, Madole and his followers would commandeer a busy sidewalk corner in a White neighborhood of New York City, gather a crowd, and begin speaking. Some 22 rallies of this sort were held in 1953, for example. Madole pulled no punches in his speeches. A report to the FBI from this period from an informant describes him as “a vicious son-of-a-bitch.” New York’s huge Jewish community, as well as the FBI, became aware of, and alarmed by, the NRP activities. Hostile and mocking publicity ensued, such as major article in the New York Post, “The Man Who Wants to Be Fuehrer.”

Demands were soon made that the authorities “do something” about Madole. The problem was that Madole, like the earlier German-American Bund, conducted his activities strictly within the letter of the law. One thing that the Federal government could do, however, was to “investigate” the NRP. In 1954, the House Unamerican Activities Committee, under the leadership of Harold H. Velde (R-Illinois) launched an investigation of the NRP and other “hate groups.” Party members were interrogated and spied on. The fear in the Movement was that the government was going to crack down on the NRP in a heavy-handed manner as it did a decade earlier with the Bund, when dozens of Bund members were sent to prison. Many members dropped out of the NRP and others scattered to the four winds, some running as far as Mexico.

The government’s findings were released on December 17, 1954, in a grandiosely entitled Preliminary Report on Neo-Fascist and Hate Groups, often referred to as The Velde Report for short. It was a scant 32-pages in length, half of which were devoted to the NRP. HUAC concluded that while the NRP was indeed “Unamerican,” it did not pose an immediate threat to the American republic.

The Feds estimated that there were 200 NRP members. After the release of the report, there were far fewer. Only a tiny handful of activists remained. But Madole soldiered on. On one occasion, two or three party members climbed to the roof a Manhattan skyscraper and showered thousands of leaflets onto the sidewalk below during a busy rush hour. But although Madole continued the party until his death, the effectiveness of the NRP as a vehicle for promoting National Socialism – or “Racial Nationalism” as Madole preferred to call it – was over.

New York City was the center of American National Socialism and Christian Nationalism before the Second World War. Consequently, it made some sense to try to exploit whatever residual support remained there in the late 1940s. But a decade later, New York was enemy territory. An insane Jew took Madole hostage in February 1958, with the intent of killing him, but Madole escaped unharmed. His remaining followers told him that he needed to relocate both the party and himself to a Whiter area, but Madole stubbornly remained in New York until the end.


Mention was made earlier of Edward Fields, a high school student affiliated with the short-lived Columbians. After the demise of the Columbians, Fields continued his participation in the shadowy world of the post-War movement. In the early 1950s, he journeyed to New York City, to check out the NRP. He was impressed by Madole’s intellect and dedication, but put off by Madole’s ideological radicalism. He did not like Madole’s embrace of (non-Marxist) socialism, nor did he accept the New Yorker’s analysis that the USSR was no longer under strict Jewish control. Field’s also had a poor impression of many of the NRP’s activists, some of whom had marginal personalities and lifestyles.

Fields was not a National Socialist, but his belief system ran parallel to it, especially on racial issues. His goal was to create a racial movement that combined the ideology of the Columbians with a base of mass support among racially conscious Whites, who at that time were the majority of the White population.

In 1957, Fields was instrumental in convening a gathering of White racialists in Knoxville, Tenn., to unite various small groups together into a single large party. Among those attending the gathering were Emory Burke, J.B. Stoner, Wallace Allen and John Kasper. Also present was 22-year-old Matt Koehl, who attended as a protégé of the controversial movement personality DeWest Hooker, who was unable to attend.

The immediate outcome of the convention was the formation of the United White Party, which was reorganized the following year as the National States Rights Party. It would remain the largest White racialist formation in the US for the next two decades.

Anti-Jewish attorney J.B. Stoner was the public face of the party, while Fields ran its day-to-day operations, and edited its monthly tabloid newspaper, The Thunderbolt. The publication took its name from that of the newsletter put out by the Columbians in 1946. The NSRP also adopted the flag and the thunderbolt insignia of the Columbians. Indeed, it can be said that the party was an extension or version of the earlier group. There were close ties between the NSRP and the Klan movement, although the NSRP pursued a strictly political agenda and the Klan operated in other arenas. The membership of the party and the KKK overlapped, and, with some accuracy, the NSRP was often referred to as the political wing of the Klan movement.

Although it was not an NS formation, the party had many National Socialists among its ranks. To keep these members from drifting away, Fields would confide to them that the NSRP’s initials secretly stood for “National Socialist Revolutionary Party.” This, and similar practices, later got Fields condemned as a “sneaky Nazi.” But Fields had good reason to be concerned about losing his NS members, because an open, forthright National Socialist leader was only months away from raising the Swastika banner for the first time since 1945.


One participant in the Knoxville conclave who did not go on to join the UWP was a 39-year-old naval commander, who introduced himself to the gathering as “George Lincoln.” He gave a presentation to the convention outlining a plan to relocate the Black population of the US to Africa. He called it the “Lincoln Plan.”

George Lincoln Rockwell had abandoned his philosophy major at Brown University in 1941, because he, like many other Americans, could sense that war was on the horizon. As a patriotic American, he felt that it was his duty to defend his country in time of war. Beyond that, he believed that he had a moral obligation to help “stop Hitler” from “conquering the world.” He joined the navy as an ordinary seaman; by the end of the conflict he had risen to the rank of lieutenant commander. After the War he became a member of the Naval Reserve. Rockwell was called back to active duty during the Korean War. He was eventually promoted to full commander.

Lincoln Rockwell was one of any number of former servicemen who came home to an America they did not recognize. Softness in the face of Communist aggression abroad, cultural Marxism at home, feminism, and what was euphemistically termed “civil rights” were features of post-War America. But most of these men merely grumbled, and got on with their lives. Rockwell, being more sensitive and reflective than his compatriots, began to investigate what had gone wrong. This was not the America that Rockwell and the others had fought for – and for which 500,000 Americans had died.

While stationed in San Diego during the Korean War, he became involved in the movement to draft Gen. Douglas MacArthur as the 1952 Republican presidential candidate. Through his contacts in the conservative wing of the Republican party, he was exposed to his first anti-Semitic literature. He did not take it seriously. But over time, he noticed that the charges made in anti-Jewish publications were, by and large, factually correct. Specifically, he was horrified to learn that the Jews were behind the communist movement both, at home and abroad.

In his political autobiography, This Time the World (1962), he wrote of this time,

I wondered about Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. I had learned that he was right about the Jews. It might be worth reading his book to see if he had anything else right, too.

I hunted around the San Diego bookshops and finally found a copy of Mein Kampf hidden away in the rear. I bought it, took it home, and sat down to read.

And that was the end of Lincoln Rockwell, the “nice guy” – the “dumb goy” – and the beginning of an entirely different person.

That was probably sometime in 1952. Rockwell was instantly converted to National Socialism. He spent the next seven years trying to find an workable strategy to promote National Socialism in a quiet, low-key way through the extreme right wing of the Republican party. All of these efforts came to naught. Although there was plenty awareness of the Jewish Question and of racial issues in rightwing circles, there was no will or courage to tackle these problems in an effective manner.

Rockwell realized that the Republicans were not the solution to the problems to which he had been awakened. But he was also unimpressed with the little NS or racialist groups that he investigated. It gradually dawned on him that if he could not work through any of the existing formations, he would have to start one himself.

By 1958 he had made the acquaintance of Harold Arrowsmith, an eccentric, anti-Jewish multi-millionaire (a billionaire in today’s terms). After some negotiation, they came to an agreement: Arrowsmith would finance the new movement, and Rockwell would run its operations. Rockwell had his own idea for a name for the group, but Arrowsmith insisted on the “National Committee to Free America from Jewish Domination.” A house in Arlington, Va., was rented for use as a headquarters, and a printing press was installed in its basement.

One of Rockwell’s strengths was that he thought in grand terms: thinking big is the key to big results. As the inaugural manifestation of the Committee, Rockwell planned for several nationwide anti-Jewish demonstrations to take place simultaneously. Rockwell himself would lead a picket of the White House, while Fields would hold demonstrations at the same moment in Knoxville and Atlanta. Rockwell hoped that James Madole would come aboard in New York City, while DeWest Hooker would lead an activity in Boston. Rockwell further wanted other demonstrations is Chicago, San Diego and elsewhere.

In event, Rockwell went ahead in Washington and Fields in Knoxville and Atlanta, but the others fell through.

Still, it was an auspicious beginning – but soon everything collapsed. A suspicious bombing of a synagogue in Atlanta that was undergoing renovation led to the arrest of the Atlanta demonstrators. Arrowsmith was picked up by the FBI and interrogated for hours as though he were a common thief, all his wealth notwithstanding. The Arlington headquarters, which was also the home of Rockwell and his family, came under repeated attack and he sent his wife and children to safety in Iceland.

Finally, Arrowsmith withdrew his support, and ordered Rockwell to vacate the house and return the printing press. Rockwell fought back and won a delay: at the beginning, he had insisted that Arrowsmith sign a contract, and it held up in court. But the victory was only temporary. The year 1958 came to a bleak end for Rockwell: he had put himself in a position where he could not turn back, and he could not see a way forward.

On March 8, 1959, Rockwell received a package sent to him by James K. Warner, a young admirer. In it was a large, Third Reich-era Swastika banner. A tingling ran up Rockwell’s spine: He suddenly saw the way forward.

To Be Continued

Next: Part 6: The Rockwell Years (1959-1967)___________________________________________________________________________________________

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